Dental veneers (sometimes called porcelain veneers or dental porcelain laminates) are wafer-thin, custom-made shells of tooth-colored materials designed to cover the front surface of teeth to improve your appearance. These shells are bonded to the front of the teeth changing their color, shape, size, or length.
Dental veneers can be made from porcelain or from resin composite materials. Porcelain veneers resist stains better than resin veneers and better mimic the light reflecting properties of natural teeth. But resin composite veneers can be placed and completed in one appointment. You will need to discuss the best choice of veneer material for you with your dentist.
Veneers are routinely used to fix:
It is the elimination of color discolorations in the teeth due to the use of food and drinks (coffee, tea, cola, red wine, cigarettes) containing paint and some medications or aging.
Office bleaching: The dentist activates with a hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide gel light source placed on the tooth surface, resulting in a two tone opening in tooth color between 30 minutes and 1 hour.
Home bleaching: A carbamide peroxide gel placed in patient-specific, transparent molds is applied by the patient at home for at least 8 hours and 1-2 weeks a day.
The proper dental term for these is porcelain inlays however they perform the same function as a filling. The porcelain inlays that are used in dentistry are in fact made of an extremely high-strength feldspar quartz mixture which, when laminated or bonded onto the tooth, is extremely strong.
One of the disadvantages of porcelain inlays is that they are not immediate. White composite fillings can be made immediately in the dental chair whilst you are at the practice. Porcelain fillings need to be made by a highly skilled dental technician. This means that once we have removed the decay from your tooth we need to take a dental impression, this is then sent to the dental technician who can then make a porcelain inlay to fit into the cavity.
This procedure, also called enameloplasty or tooth reshaping, can fix minor imperfections. It is a simple, fast and effective method for correcting teeth, especially for height, shape or position defects. It usually consists of processes that do not require anesthesia but are abraded in very thin layers on the tooth surface, followed by polishing of the tooth surface. The whole procedure generally takes less than a half hour, so you'll only need one short appointment with your dentist to get the results you want.
Both crowns and bridges are fixed prosthetic devise. To define some terminology, porcelain is a particular type of ceramic that is built by stacking and firing. When we say ceramic, we include porcelain-porcelain is a type of ceramic.
In aesthetic dentistry, there are several types of porcelain crown-bridge applications:
The Procera crown – Procera is a milled ceramic on the inside with a more traditional porcelain baked onto the outside. The advantage of Procera is its exceptional strength. However, the milled ceramic core is opaque white, so many cosmetic dentists feel that it isn’t as natural-looking as the more translucent materials.
The Lava crown – Lava is similar to Procera, but the milled ceramic on the inside is a more translucent Zirconia, rather than an opaque white material.
Zirconia crowns, if they are done right, can be translucent enough to look natural. And if they are bonded to the teeth, instead of being cemented with conventional dental cement, they won’t show a black line at the gumline.